An academic read providing a wealth of information transracial adoption in Canada.The present statement looks at how children come to understand their racial identity, reviews the outcomes of transracial adoption and provides guidance on how best to support children and their families in transracial adoptions. A key difference between adoptive and biological children is that an adopted child may be of a different racial background than their adoptive parent(s), whereas a biological child will be of the same racial background as one or both parents. A biological child therefore has an ethnic connection to one or both parents, but an adoptive child may not.